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英语初二上册要点概括

   日期:2021-02-20     来源:www.vqunkong.com    作者:智学网    浏览:620    评论:0    
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要想获得高效学习成绩,需要要有好的学习态度。习惯是经过重复训练而巩固下来的稳重持久的条件反射和自然需要。打造好的学习态度,就会使自己学习感到有序而轻松。以下是智学网为您收拾的《英语初二上册要点概括》,供大伙查阅。



英语初二上册要点概括


1、 v+ do

1. Let sb do sth 让某人做某事

Let sb not do sth 让某人不做某事

2.why not do sth = why don’t you do sth 干什么如何 为何不做?

Why not put on a raincoat, its raining outside. 外面在下雨,为何不穿个雨衣呢?

3. Make sb do sth 使某人做某事

I will do my best to make my dream come true. 我会尽我所能去使我的梦想达成。

Make sb + adj 使某人………..

The story makes us happy。

2、v+ doing

1. practice doing sth 训练做某事 our English teacher told us to practice speaking English

every day。英语老师叫大家天天训练说英语。

2. finish doing sth 完成做某事 my mum asks me to finishing cleaning up my room before

she come from work。 母亲需要我在她下班回来之前打扫干净我的房间。

3. Enjoy doing sth 享受做某事

The boys are enjoying playing basketball 小孩们正在操场上享受打篮球。

4. stand doing sth 忍受做某事她不可以忍受欺骗他人

5. mind doing sth 在意做某事? 你在意开门吗?

6. keep doing sth. 继续做某事

She will keep fighting in this new 百度竞价推广ester. 在新学期,她将继续努力奋斗

7. miss 想念 I miss you very much

Miss sth 错过………….he got up late this morning,so he missed the bus

Miss doing sth 错过做某事。He missed having the class,because he got up late。

8. Sb spend time with sb 与某人共度时间

I spend the weekend with my grandparents。

Sb spend (time/ money) 某人在某事花浪费时间间,资金

Sb spend (time/money)(in)doing sth 某人花浪费时间间、资金做某事 (人作主语)

I spent two hours (in)reading the novel last night.

It takes sb (time/ money) 某事花费某人多少时间,资金 (it 作主语)

It took me two hours to read the novel last night。

Sb pay sth money= pay money for sth 为………..付多少钱。 (人作主语)

I paid ten dollars for that book

Sth cosplayt sb money 某物花费某人多少钱 (物作主语)

That book cosplayt me ten dollars。

9.succeed in doing sth 成功做某事

He succeeds in giving up the smoking 他成功地戒了烟。

10. play a role in doing sth 发挥用途,有影响

computers play a role in people’s life 计算机在大家的日常发挥用途。

11. Have fun (in)doing sth 玩得开心

They had fun playing basketball. 他们打篮球玩得非常高兴。

12. be good at doing/ sth 善于 she is very good at dancing。 他善于跳舞

13. be talented in doing sth/ sth 在某方面有天分

she is talented in drawing。 她在画画方面有天分

3、v+ to do

1. it's a good/ great way to do sth 做....的好办法.

He likes joining some activities because it’s a good way to make friends 他喜欢参加一些活

动,由于这是交朋友的好方法。

The best way to do sth 做某事的方法

I think the best way to learn English is through English。学习英语的方法就是朗读。

2. It’s one’s first time to do sth 首次做某事

It’s my first time to speak English with foreigners. 这是我首次和外国人说英语。

3. want to do sth = would like to do sth 想做某事

4. decide to do sth 决订做某事

He decides to have a travel in this winter vacation. 他决定在这个寒假去旅游。

5. be determined to do sth 下定决心做某事

She determined to get good grades in this final examination. 她下定决心要在这次的期末

考试中获得好成绩。

6. Invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

He didn’t invite me to have dinner with them 他没邀请我和他们共进晚餐。

Invite sb to a place 邀请某人到某处

He wants to invite the girl to his birthday party。 他想邀请那个女生参加他的过生日宴会。

7. help sb(to)do sth= help(sb)with sth 帮某人做某事

he helped me with my English。= he helped me to study English.

8. order sb to do sth 命令某人做某事

the boss ordered him to finish the work before 5 o’clock 老板命令他五点之前完成工作

9. plan to do sth 计划做某事

I plan to have a vacation in this summer 我计划这个暑假去度假

10. choose to do sth 选择做某事

He chooses to stay at home because of the cold weather. 由于寒冷的天气,他选择呆在家。

11. Do one’s best to do sth = try one’s best to do sth 尽某人做大努力做某事

I will try my best to make my dream come true.

12. Need to do sth 需要做某事

She needs to wash her dirty clothes now。 目前她需要去洗她的脏衣服。

13. be ready to do sth 筹备容易做某事 She is ready to go out 她筹备好出去了。

14. seem + 形容词 看着….. You seem happy today. 你看着非常高兴

seem + to do sth. 好像、仿佛做某事 I seem to have a cold 我好像感冒了。

15. tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

Her mum tells her to sleep early. 她的母亲告诉她早睡。

Tell sb not to sth 告诉某人不要做某事

请告诉她不要去爬树

16. expect to do sth 期待做某事

她期待下周去香港。

17. wish sb to do sth 期望某人做某事

I wish you to be good. 我期望你好好的。

Hope to do sth 期望做某事

I hope to have a good job in the future. 我期望以后有一份好工作。

18. it’s + adj for sb to do sth 做某件事 对某人来讲如何

It’s good for you to sleep early. 早睡对你有好处。

4、v+ to do/ doing

1. try to do sth 尽可能做某事, 努力做某事 he tries to finish his homework

Try not to do sth 尽可能不做某事 he tries not to hurt his friends’ feelings。

Try doing sth 尝试做某事。 He tried washing his hair with a new shampoo。

2. mean to do sth 有意做某事 I didn’t mean to hurt you 我不是有意伤害你的。

Mean doing sth 意味着、being good to her doesn’t mean loving her 对她好并不意

味着爱她。

3. start doing sth. 开始做某事= start to do sth (begin)

He usually starts cooking at 6 in the evening when his mother is not at home.当他母亲不在家

时,他一般在晚上6点钟就开始做饭。

4. 停止做某事 the teacher is coming,lets sTOP talking. 停下来做某事 if you are tired, you can sTOP to rest.


英语初二上册要点概括


句子成分和种类

1.主语:句子所陈述的对象。

2.谓语:主语发出的动作。一般是有动作意义的动词。

3.宾语:分为动词宾语和介词宾语,是动作的承受者。

4.系动词:表示状况或状况变化的动词,没实质的动作意义。如 be, 感官系动词(look, sound, smell, taste 和 feel)、维持类系动词(keep, stay 和 remain)、状况变化类系动词(become、get、turn 和 go)等。

5.表语:紧跟系动词后面的成分。

6.定语:修饰名词或代词的成分。

7.状语: 修饰形容词、副词、动词或句子的成分。

8.补语:分为宾语补足语和主语补足语。是对宾语和主语的补充说明,与其有主动或被动的逻辑关系。

比如:You should keep the room clean and tidy.

你应该让屋子维持干干净净。

(You是主语, should keep是谓语,the room是宾语,clean and tidy是宾语补足语。)

This kind of food tastes delicious.

这种食物吃起来非常可口。

(This kind of food是主语, tastes是系动词, delicious是表语。)

注意:主语、谓语、宾语、系动词、表语、补语是一个句子的主干成分;定语和状语是一个句子的修饰性成分,不是主干成分。

9.容易句的基本形式是由一个主语加一个谓语构成。

10.复合句由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成。

11.两个或两个以上的容易句用并列连词连在一块构成的句子,叫做并列句,其基本结构是“容易句+并列连词+容易句”。

一般疑问句

1、不需要疑问词,但需要用yes或no回答的疑问句,叫一般疑问句。句末用问号“?”。

一般疑问句的基本使用方法及结构一般疑问句用于对某一状况提出疑问,一般可用yes和no来回答,读时用升调。其基本结构是“be / have / 助动词+主语+谓语(表语)”:

Is he interested in going? 他感兴趣去吗?

Have you ever been to Japan? 你到过日本吗?

Does she often have colds? 她常常感冒吗?

Did you ask her which to buy? 你问没问她该买哪一个?

2、陈述句变一般疑问句的办法

1.动词be的疑问式:动词be依据不一样的时态和人称可以有am, is, are, was, were等不一样形式,可用作连系动词(表示“是”、“在”等)和助动词(用于构成进行时态和被动语态等),但不管何种状况,构成疑问式时,一律将动词be的适合形式置于句首:句型:Be动词+主语~?

Is your father angry?你爸爸生气了吗?

Yes,he is.是的,他生气了。

No,he isn't.不,他没生气。

Were the babies crying last night?(进行时)

昨天晚上这部分小孩们一直在哭吗?

Yes,they were.是的,他们在哭。

No,they weren't.不,他们没哭。

Is English spoken all over the world?(被动语态)

全世界都说英语吗?

Yes,it is.是的。

No,it isn't.不。

2.动词have的疑问式:动词have依据不一样的时态和人称可以有have, has, had等形式,可以用作实意动词和助动词,分以下状况讨论:

①用作实意动词表示状况,如表示拥有、患病或用于have to表示“需要”等,在构成构成式时可以直接将have, has, had置于句首,也可依据状况在句首用do, does, did:

Does he have [Has he] anything to say? 他有哪些话要说吗?

Do you have [Have you] to leave so soon? 你需要这么早走吗?

Did you have [Had you] any friends then? 他当时有朋友吗?

②用作实意动词表示动作,如表示“吃(=eat)”、“喝(=drink)”、“拿(=take)”、“收到(=receive)”、“度过(=spend)”等,构成疑问式时不可以将have提前至句首,而应在句首用do, does, did:

Does he have breakfast at home? 他在家吃早餐吗?

Did you have a good time at the party? 你在晚会上玩得开心吗?

③完成时的一般疑问句

句型:Have(Has)+主语+动词的过去分词+~?

Have you known her since your childhood?

你从童年就认识她吗?

Yes,I have.是的。

No,I haven't.不。

过去完成时的一般疑问句

句型:Had +主语+动词的过去分词+~?

Had he learned about two thousand English

words before he came here?

他来这里以前就已经学了大约两千个单词了吗?

Yes,he had.是的。

No,he hadn't.不。

3.情态动词的疑问式:情态动词的疑问式一般是将情态动词置于句首:

句型:情态动词+主语+动词原形~?

Can you bring me some apples?

你能给我拿来些苹果吗?

Yes,I can.是的,可以。

No,I can't.不,不能。

Can you speak English? 你会说英语吗?

Must I finish the work at once? 我需要立刻完成工作吗?

4.实意动词的疑问式:一般实意动词的疑问式,一般应依据不一样时态和人称在句首加助动词do, does, did等:

句型:Do(Does,Did)+主语+动词原形~?

Do you go to school every day? 你天天都上学吗?

Does the boy like dancing? 这女生喜欢唱歌吗?

Did you see the film last night? 你昨晚看了这部电影吗?

Did he do morning exercises yesterday?

昨天他做早操了吗?

Yes,he did.是的,他做了。

No,he didn't.不,他没做。

特殊疑问句

用疑问词引导的疑问句叫做特殊疑问句。回答特殊疑问句时不可以用yes或no。用降调。为了便于理解、学会特殊疑问句,大家把疑问词分为三类:

疑问代词:what,who,Which,whose,whom

疑问副词:when,where,why,how

疑问形容词:what+名词

1、疑问代词的使用方法

1.what引导的疑问句

此类疑问句可以对主语、表语和宾语提问。

A.对主语提问

What is in your pocket?

你口袋里有哪些?

这个问题可以有两种回答:

a:There is an egg in it.

在口袋里有一个蛋。

b:An egg is.

一个蛋。

There are a lot of chairs in it.

=A 1ot of chairs are in it.有很多椅子。

注意

回答此句型的问题时,答句的单复数依据实质状况而定。

B.对宾语提问

What did you buy?你买了什么?

C.对表语提问

What is this?这是什么?

It's a bench.这是一条长凳。

What is your mother?你母亲是做什么的?

2.Who,whom,whose引导的疑问句

此类疑问句可以对主语、表语和宾语提问。

Who broke the window?

哪个打破了窗户?

who可以对主语和表语提问。whom是who的宾格,对宾语提问,但在口语中who可以代替whom。

Li Ming did.李明打破的。

Who is that woman?

那个女性是哪个?

She is my mother.她是我母亲。

或者:She is Rose.她是罗思。

2、疑问形容词的使用方法

what,which,whose后面跟上名词时,这三个疑问词起形容词用途。

What sports do you like?

你喜欢什么运动?

I like basketball.我喜欢篮球。

Whose pens are these?

这部分是哪个的钢笔?

They are Li Ming's.这部分是李明的。

Whose father died two years ago?

两年前哪个的爸爸死了?

Which picture did you take?

哪一张照片是你拍的?

I took the one on the right.

右侧的那一张是我拍的。

3、疑问副词的使用方法

句型:疑问副词+一般疑问句的语序~?



when引导的疑问句:询问时间

When were you born?你何时出生?

on June 5,1962.

我是1962年6月5日生的。


英语初二上册要点概括



1. have a soccer game 进行一场足球赛

2. fall ill 病倒了

3. be a little far from… 离……有点远

4. right away = at once 立刻;立刻

5. miss a good chance 错过一个好机会

6. get/miss a goal 得到/失去一分

7. shame on sb. 为某人感到羞耻

8. do one’s best 尽某人的力

9. say sorry to sb. 对某人说抱歉

10. be sure to do sth. 确订做某事

11. be angry with… 生某人的气

12. with one’s help= with the help of sb. 在某人的帮忙下

13. serve food 上菜

14. turn up/down… 调高/低

15. keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事

16. in a minute 一分钟后;立刻

17. on the phone 在电话中

18. take a seat 就坐

19. never mind 不要紧

20. a lot of traveling 一系列旅游

 
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